Niina Ning Zhang

PhD, Professor


張寧    教授



台灣 62102


Graduate Institute of Linguistics

National Chung Cheng University

168 University Rd., Min-Hsiung,

Chia-Yi 62102 Taiwan, ROC


Fax:   +886-5-2721654

Phone: +886-5-2729263

Assistant: +886-5-2720411 ext.21509     

Main office: +886-5-2720411 ext.21501


Academic family tree


Current Teaching

Syntax · Advanced Syntax · Semantics · Morphology · Chinese Grammar · Issues in Minimalist Syntax · The Syntax of Coordination · The Syntax of Complex Predicate Constructions · Biological and Psychological Foundations of Human Language



Zhang, Niina Ning. 2013. Classifier Structures in Mandarin Chinese. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter (Paperback 2016).

Zhang, Niina Ning. 2010. Coordination in Syntax. Cambridge Studies in Linguistics Series 123, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Schwabe, Kerstin and Niina Zhang (eds.). 2000. Ellipsis in Conjunction. Tuebingen: Niemeyer // Berlin: De Gruyter.


Selected Papers

Zhang, N. To appear. Sentence-final aspect particles as finite markers in Mandarin Chinese. Linguistics. Feb. 2018 version.

Zhang, N. 2018. Non-canonical objects as event kind-classifying elements. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory. DOI: 10.1007/s11049-017-9397-5. PDF online first

Zhang, N. 2017. The syntax of event-internal and event-external verbal classifiers. Studia Linguistica 71 (3): 266-300. PDF

Zhang, N. 2017. Unifying two general licensors of completive adverbials in syntax. Linguistics 55 (2): 371-411. Link

Zhang, N. 2017. Verbal classifiers. In R. Sybesma, W. Behr, Y. Gu, Z. Handel, C.-T. J. Huang, & J. Myers (eds.), Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics. Leiden: Brill. Vol. 1: 627-631. PDF

Zhang, N. 2017. Adpositions. In R. Sybesma, W. Behr, Y. Gu, Z. Handel, C.-T. J. Huang, & J. Myers (eds.), Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics. Leiden: Brill. Vol. 1: 116-122. PDF

Zhang, N. 2016c. Identifying Chinese dependent clauses in the forms of subjects. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 25 (3): 275-311. PDF link to the published version

Zhang, N. 2016b. A study note on the state-denoting GE construction. Lingua Sinica 2:3. DOI 10.1186/s40655-016-0012-1. PDF (open access)

Zhang, N. 2016a. Understanding S-Selection. Studies in Chinese Linguistics. 37 (1): 56-73 PDF (open access)

Zhang, N. 2015c. The Morphological Expression of Plurality and Pluractionality in Mandarin. Lingua 165: 1-27. PDF

Zhang, N. 2015b. Functional Head Properties of the Degree Word Hen in Mandarin Chinese. Lingua 153: 14-41. PDF

Zhang, N. 2015a. Nominal-internal phrasal movement in Mandarin Chinese. The Linguistic Review 32 (2): 375-425. PDF

Zhang, N. 2014. Expressing Number Productively in Mandarin Chinese. Linguistics 52.1: 1-34. PDF

Zhang, N. 2014. Summing quantities of objects at the left edge. Taiwan Journal of Linguistics 12.2: 33-58. PDF

Zhang, N. 2013. Encoding Unexpectedness by Aspect Inflection. Concentric: Studies in Linguistics 39 (1), 23-57. PDF

Zhang, N. 2012. Numeral Classifier Structures. Manuscript. National Chung Cheng University. PDF

Zhang, N. 2012. De and the Functional Expansion of Classifiers. Language and Linguistics 13 (3): 569-582. PDF

Zhang, N. 2012. Projecting semantic features. Studia Linguistica 66 (1): 58-74. PDF

Zhang, N. 2012. Countability and numeral classifiers in Mandarin Chinese. In Count and Mass Across Languages, Diane Massam (ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press: 220-237. PDF

Zhang, N. 2011. The Constituency of Classifier Constructions in Mandarin Chinese, Taiwan Journal of Linguistics 9.1: 1-50. PDF

Zhang, N. 2011. Semantic Features of Counting Units in a Syntagmatic Perspective, Language and Cognition: Festschrift in Honor of James H-Y. Tai on His 70th Birthday. Jung-hsing Chang (ed.), Taipei: The Crane Publishing. 363-393. PDF

Zhang, N. 2011. Noun-Classifier Compounds in Mandarin Chinese. In Plurality in Classifier Languages: Plurality, Mass/Kind, Classifiers and the DPs, Young-Wha Kim (ed.), Seoul: Hankukmunhwasa. 195-244. PDF

Zhang, N. 2010. Explaining the immobility of conjuncts. Studia Linguistica 64 (2): 190-238. PDF

Zhang, N. 2009. The Syntax of Relational-Nominal Second Constructions in Chinese. Yuyanxue Luncong 39: 257-301. Peking University Press. PDF

Zhang, N. 2009. The Syntax of Same and ATB Constructions. Canadian Journal of Linguistics 54 (2): 367-399. PDF

Zhang, N. 2008. Encoding Exhaustivity. UST Working Papers in Linguistics 4, National Tsing Hua University, 133-143. PDF

Zhang, N. 2008. Gapless relative clauses as clausal licensers of relational nouns, Language and Linguistics 9 (4): 1005-1028. PDF

Zhang, N. 2008. Existential Coda Constructions as Internally Headed Relative Clause Constructions. The Linguistics Journal 3 (3): 8-54. PDF

Zhang, N. 2008. Repetitive and Correlative Coordinators as Focus Particles Parasitic on Coordinators. SKY Journal of Linguistics. Vol. 21: 295-342. PDF

Zhang, N. 2008. Relativized Parallelism in Mandarin Chinese Natural Coordination. Language Research 44 (1): 121-163. PDF

Zhang, N. 2007. 現代漢語的複雜存現句.《語言與文化論述》,林慶勳 主編,徐淑瑛 編輯, 國立中山大學人文社會科學研究中心,文學院, 25-62. PDF

Zhang, N. 2007. Universal 20 and Taiwan Sign Language. Sign Language and Linguistics 10 (1): 55-81. PDF

Zhang, N. 2007. Root merger in Chinese compounds. Studia Linguistica 61 (2): 170-184. PDF

Zhang, N. 2007. The Syntactic Derivations of Two Paired Dependency Constructions. Lingua 117 (12): 2134-2158. PDF

Zhang, N. 2007. 自然聯合結構與連接項平行關係的相對性.《东方语言学》2007 第二期. PDF

Zhang, N. 2007. A syntactic account of the Direct Object Restriction in Chinese. Language Research 43 (1): 53-75. PDF

Zhang, N. 2007. The Syntax of English Comitative Constructions. Folia Linguistica 41 (1/2): 135-169. PDF

Zhang, N. 2007. On the Categorial Issue of Coordination. Lingua et Linguistica 1 (1): 7-46. PDF

Zhang, N. 2007. The Syntactic Derivations of Split Antecedent Relative Clause Constructions. Taiwan Journal of Linguistics 5(1): 19-47. PDF

Lin, Jo-wang & Niina Zhang. 2006. The Syntax of the Non-Referential TA ‘it’ in Mandarin Chinese. Language and Linguistics 7 (4): 991-1016. PDF

Zhang, N. 2006. On the Configuration Issue of Coordination. Language and Linguistics 7 (1): 175-223. PDF

Zhang, N. 2006. Representing Specificity by the Internal Order of Indefinites. Linguistics 44 (1): 1-21. PDF

Zhang, N. 2005. Comitative Constructions in Chinese. In: Chuan-ren Ke (ed) Proceedings of the 16th Annual Meeting of the North American Conference on Chinese Linguistics. 353-368. PDF

Zhang, N. 2005. Juggling Singular and Plural Pronouns. DOC

Zhang, N. 2004. Move is Remerge. Language and Linguistics 5 (1). 189-209. PDF

Zhang, N. 2004. Against Across-The-Board Movement. Concentric: Studies in Linguistics 30: 123-156.

Zhang, N. 2003. The asymmetry between depictives and resultatives in Chinese. In: Anna Maria Di Sciullo (ed.) Asymmetry in Grammar. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 165-185. PDF

Zhang, N. 2003. 2003. On the Pre-Predicate Lai [come] and Qu [go] in Chinese. In Jie Xu, Donghong Ji, and Teng Lua Kim (eds.), Chinese Syntax and Semantics. Singapore: Prentice Hall. 177–201. PDF

Zhang, N. 2002. Movement within a Spatial Phrase. In: Hubert Cuyckens and Guenter Radden (eds.) Perspectives on Prepositions. Linguistische Arbeiten. Band 454. Max Niemeyer: Tuebingen; Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 47-63.

Zhang, N. 2002. Counting and measuring eventualities in Chinese. Ms. ZAS. PDF

Zhang, N. 2002. Island Effects and Episodic Eventualities in Chinese Topicalization. In D. Hole, P. Law, and N. Zhang (eds.) Linguistics by Heart: in honor of Horst-Dieter Gasde. ZAS-Berlin. PDF

Zhang, N. 2001. On the absence of nonrestrictive relatives in Chinese. Ms. ZAS-Berlin. PDF

Zhang, N. 2001. Sell Nonrestrictive Relatives. Ms. ZAS-Berlin. PDF

Zhang, N. 2001. On Nonprimary Selectional Restrictions. ZAS Papers in Linguistics 26, 219-243. PDF whole volume PDF

Zhang, N. 2001. Short Movement of Relativization. PDF

Zhang, N. 2001. The structures of Depictive and Resultative Constructions in Chinese. ZAS Papers in Linguistics 22, 191-221. PDF

Zhang, N. 2000. The Reference Time of Tense and the Chinese Sentence-Final LE. ZAS-Berlin. PDF

Zhang, N. 2000. Object shift in Mandarin Chinese. Journal of Chinese Linguistics 28 (2): 201-246. PDF

Zhang, N. 1999. Chinese de and the de-construction. Syntaxis 2, 27-49. PDF

Zhang, N. 1999. Thematic dependencies between V and Little v. In Zoe Wu (ed.) Proceedings of the 13th Annual Meeting of the North American Conference on Chinese Linguistics. Los Angeles: University of Southern California. 162-176. PDF

Zhang, N. 1998. Argument Interpretations of the Ditransitive Construction. Nordic Journal of Linguistics 21, 179-209. PDF

Zhang, N. 1998. The Interactions Between Lexical Meanings and Construction Meanings. Linguistics 36 (5): 957-980.

Zhang, N. 1997. The Avoidance of the Third Tone Sandhi in Mandarin Chinese, Journal of East Asian Linguistics 6: 293-338. PDF



Zhang, N. 1997. Syntactic Dependencies in Mandarin Chinese. PhD. Thesis. University of Toronto. PDF

. 1990. 口誤與言語生成模式. 博士論文. 上海外國語學院. PDF



Zhang, N. 2018. Selection and the unergative-unaccusative contrast. Unergative predicates: Architecture and variation, Bilbao, Jan. 17-19, 2018. Handout.

Zhang, N. 2018. Indefinite DP and NP arguments in Mandarin Chinese. PDF